Following an investigation that has been made on the future of democracy, we intend with this project to answer the question "When it is legitimate to contest public authority, or in other words, how to determine that a government is unjust and what means have the people at their disposal to answer it? ". The question may seem to assume a predetermined answer that it is indeed legitimate to challenge authority. This research has two moments. At the outset, we want to retrace the evolution of the concept of rebellion, and with it, the analytical distinction between the concepts of rebellion, revolution, resistance, civil disobedience, violence and power. On the other hand, we want to characterize the way in which the right to resistance, as a constitutionally guaranteed specific right, has been treated in the history of political philosophy. At this moment we intend to reflect critically on canonical works of authors like Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, Rousseau, John Stuart Mill, Kant, Hegel, Marx and also contemporary authors like Arendt, Rosanvallon, Rancière, Bordieu, among others. In the second moment we want to understand how the history of political theory can help us to understand the dynamics of contemporary democracies, marked by a generalized context of a crisis of representativeness, lack of participation and diffusion of political actors in a transnational order that often forces to question the limits and conditions of possibility of the democratic project itself.